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In this blog, we would look at how a team wanting to Integrate with Hadoop for running a Map-Reduce Program could go about checking the pre-requisites from Hadoop Side and also go about then defining a Hadoop Map Reduce Job type to achieve this integration.

Pre-Requisites:

Assume we have a HWA Agent installed on the System where I have Hadoop NameNode setup and I have all the processes of Hadoop up and running on this Agent through start-all.sh or through start-dfs.sh and start-yarn.sh, of course, same needs to verified on all Nodes of the Hadoop Cluster:

[hadoop@RMMYCLDDL73611 ~]$ ps -ef | grep java | grep hadoop
hadoop 18463 1 0 Mar16 ? 00:29:44
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.322.b06
-2.el8_5.x86_64/jre/bin/java -Dproc_datanode –
Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dhadoop.security.logger=ERROR,RFAS –
Dyarn.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1//logs –
Dyarn.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-datanode-RMMYCLDDL73611.log –
Dyarn.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dyarn.root.logger=INFO,console -Dhadoop.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-datanode-
RMMYCLDDL73611.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dhadoop.id.str=hadoop -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,RFA –
Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml
org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode
hadoop 18699 1 0 Mar16 ? 00:12:56
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.322.b06-
2.el8_5.x86_64/jre/bin/java -Dproc_secondarynamenode –
Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dhdfs.audit.logger=INFO,NullAppender –
Dhadoop.security.logger=INFO,RFAS –
Dyarn.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1//logs –
Dyarn.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-secondarynamenode-RMMYCLDDL73611.log –
Dyarn.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dyarn.root.logger=INFO,console -Dhadoop.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-secondarynamenode-
RMMYCLDDL73611.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dhadoop.id.str=hadoo -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,RFA –
Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml
org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SecondaryNameNode
hadoop 18990 1 0 Mar16 ? 01:15:25
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.322.b06-

2.el8_5.x86_64/jre/bin/java -Dproc_resourcemanager –
Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dservice.libdir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//share/hadoop/yarn,/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//share/hadoop/yarn/lib,/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//share/hadoop/hdfs,/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//share/hadoop/hdfs/lib,/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//share/hadoop/common,/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//share/hadoop/common/lib -Dyarn.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//logs -Dyarn.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-resourcemanager-
RMMYCLDDL73611.log -Dyarn.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dyarn.root.logger=INFO,console -Dhadoop.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-resourcemanager-
RMMYCLDDL73611.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dhadoop.id.str=hadoop -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,RFA –
Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml –
Dhadoop.security.logger=INFO,NullAppender
org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.resourcemanager.ResourceManager
hadoop 19175 1 0 Mar16 ? 00:45:04
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.322.b06-
2.el8_5.x86_64/jre/bin/java -Dproc_nodemanager –
Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dyarn.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//logs -Dyarn.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-nodemanager-
RMMYCLDDL73611.log -Dyarn.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dyarn.root.logger=INFO,console -Dhadoop.log.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1//logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop-hadoop-nodemanager-
RMMYCLDDL73611.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/ –
Dhadoop.id.str=hadoop -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,RFA –
Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml –
Dhadoop.security.logger=INFO,NullAppender
org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.nodemanager.NodeManager

hadoop 2454420 2438238 0 13:34 pts/0 00:00:00 grep —
color=auto java

Important to verify that the Hadoop Version can be tested and returns proper output as expected:

[hadoop@RMMYCLDDL73611 sbin]$ hadoop version
Hadoop 3.3.1
Source code repository https://github.com/apache/hadoop.git -r
a3b9c37a397ad4188041dd80621bdeefc46885f2
Compiled by ubuntu on 2021-06-15T05:13Z
Compiled with protoc 3.7.1
From source with checksum 88a4ddb2299aca054416d6b7f81ca55
This command was run using /home/hadoop/hadoop-
3.3.1/share/hadoop/common/hadoop-common-3.3.1.jar

If all is good and working well , then the JAVA_HOME and HADOOP_HOME environment variables are also expected to be working fine:

[hadoop@RMMYCLDDL73611 sbin]$ echo $JAVA_HOME

/home/hadoop/TWS/JavaExt/jre

[hadoop@RMMYCLDDL73611 sbin]$ echo $HADOOP_HOME

/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1/

If all of this is verified and good, we can go about testing our Hadoop Map Reduce Code through Hadoop CLI first:

In the below example I have a simple Hadoop Map Reduce Program written where the input file is being verified in the input directory of Hadoop Filesystem:

[hadoop@RMMYCLDDL73611 ~]$ $HADOOP_HOME/bin/hadoop fs -ls input_dir/

Found 1 items

-rw-r–r–   1 hadoop hadoop        344 2022-04-01 13:16

input_dir/sample.txt

Next , I go about verifying if the Code is executing well through Hadoop CLI:

[hadoop@RMMYCLDDL73611 ~]$ $HADOOP_HOME/bin/hadoop jar units.jar hadoop.ProcessUnits

input_dir output_dir

2022-04-01 13:16:48,367 INFO impl.MetricsConfig: Loaded properties from hadoop-

metrics2.properties

2022-04-01 13:17:08,996 INFO impl.MetricsSystemImpl: Scheduled Metric snapshot period at 10 second(s).

2022-04-01 13:17:08,996 INFO impl.MetricsSystemImpl: JobTracker metrics system started

2022-04-01 13:17:09,083 WARN impl.MetricsSystemImpl: JobTracker metrics system already initialized!

2022-04-01 13:17:09,201 WARN mapreduce.JobResourceUploader: Hadoop command-line option parsing not performed. Implement the Tool interface and execute your application with ToolRunner to remedy this.

2022-04-01 13:17:09,284 INFO mapred.FileInputFormat: Total input files to process : 1

2022-04-01 13:17:09,342 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: number of splits:1

2022-04-01 13:17:10,017 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: Submitting tokens for job: job_local1122970586_0001

2022-04-01 13:17:10,017 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: Executing with tokens: []

2022-04-01 13:17:10,250 INFO mapreduce.Job: The url to track the job: https://localhost:8080/

2022-04-01 13:17:10,256 INFO mapreduce.Job: Running job: job_local1122970586_0001

2022-04-01 13:17:10,256 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: OutputCommitter set in config null

2022-04-01 13:17:10,261 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: OutputCommitter is org.apache.hadoop.mapred.FileOutputCommitter

2022-04-01 13:17:10,265 INFO output.FileOutputCommitter: File Output Committer Algorithm version is 2

2022-04-01 13:17:10,265 INFO output.FileOutputCommitter: FileOutputCommitter skip cleanup _temporary folders under output directory:false, ignore cleanup failures: false

2022-04-01 13:17:10,310 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Waiting for map tasks

2022-04-01 13:17:10,323 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Starting task: attempt_local1122970586_0001_m_000000_0

2022-04-01 13:17:10,342 INFO output.FileOutputCommitter: File Output Committer Algorithm version is 2

2022-04-01 13:17:10,343 INFO output.FileOutputCommitter: FileOutputCommitter skip cleanup _temporary folders under output directory:false, ignore cleanup failures: false

2022-04-01 13:17:10,354 INFO mapred.Task:  Using ResourceCalculatorProcessTree : [ ]

2022-04-01 13:17:10,360 INFO mapred.MapTask: Processing split: file:/home/hadoop/input_dir/sample.txt:0+344

2022-04-01 13:17:10,401 INFO mapred.MapTask: numReduceTasks: 1

2022-04-01 13:17:10,499 INFO mapred.MapTask: (EQUATOR) 0 kvi 26214396(104857584)

2022-04-01 13:17:10,499 INFO mapred.MapTask: mapreduce.task.io.sort.mb: 100

2022-04-01 13:17:10,499 INFO mapred.MapTask: soft limit at 83886080

2022-04-01 13:17:10,499 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufvoid = 104857600

2022-04-01 13:17:10,499 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396; length = 6553600

2022-04-01 13:17:10,503 INFO mapred.MapTask: Map output collector class = org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask$MapOutputBuffer

2022-04-01 13:17:10,507 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: map task executor complete.

Now we can proceed and start defining this job in HWA Side :

In order to define the job in HWA, we would need the following details :

  • Hadoop Installation Directory
  • Hadoop jar file
  • Hadoop Main Class

Specify the Home Directory of the Hadoop Filesystem , in this case it is /home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1 which is the Home path that includes bin directory (two steps behind hadoop binary):

hadoop map reduceSelect the hadoop Jar file comprising of all Classes of the packaged application from the specific location : in this case /home/Hadoop/units.jar :

jar file list

Also, Enter the Main Class to be executed, in this case it is hadoop.ProcessUnits :

All Arguments to be passed to Hadoop Map Reduce Program as input such input_dir where all input files for the Hadoop Map Reduce program are present and output_dir for the Output is mentioned under Arguments section :

hadoop process units

Once the job is Saved with all the above parameters , we are ready to test the Hadoop map Reduce program , so one can go ahead and submit the job through HWA , one could access the job log as follows:

%sj DARMMYCLDDL#555488804 std sin

===============================================================

= JOB       : DARMMYCLDDL#JOBS[(0430 01/12/22),(JOBS)].HADOOP_TEST

= TASK      : <?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>

<jsdl:jobDefinition
xmlns:jsdl=”https://www.ibm.com/xmlns/prod/scheduling/1.0/jsdl” xmlns:jsdlhadoopmapreduce=”https://www.ibm.com/xmlns/prod/scheduling/
1.0/jsdlhadoopmapreduce” name=”HADOOPMAPREDUCE”>

<jsdl:variables>
<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.jobstream.name”>JOBS</jsdl:stringVariable>

<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.jobstream.id”>JOBS</jsdl:stringVariable>

<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.job.name”>HADOOP_TEST</jsdl:stringVariable>

<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.job.workstation”>DARMMYCLDDL</jsdl:stringVariable>
<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.job.iawstz”>202201120430</jsdl:stringVariable>

<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.job.promoted”>NO</jsdl:stringVariable>

<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.job.resourcesForPromoted”>10</jsdl:stringVariable>

<jsdl:stringVariable
name=”tws.job.num”>555488804</jsdl:stringVariable>

</jsdl:variables>
<jsdl:application name=”hadoopmapreduce”>
<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:hadoopmapreduce>

<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:HadoopMapReduceParameters>
<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:hadoop>

<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:hadoopDir>/home/hadoop/hadoop-3.3.1</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:hadoopDir>
<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:jarName>/home/hadoop/units.jar</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:jarName>
<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:className>hadoop.ProcessUnits</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:className>

<jsdlhadoopmapreduce:arguments>input_dir output_dir</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:arguments>

</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:hadoop>

</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:HadoopMapReduceParameters>
</jsdlhadoopmapreduce:hadoopmapreduce>

</jsdl:application>
<jsdl:resources>
<jsdl:orderedCandidatedWorkstations>

<jsdl:workstation>CA23B7F6988C11EC9975777E02EE46EC</jsdl:workstation>
</jsdl:orderedCandidatedWorkstations>
</jsdl:resources>
</jsdl:jobDefinition>
= TWSRCMAP :
= AGENT : DARMMYCLDDL
= Job Number: 555488804
= Mon 02/28/2022 18:04:31 IST
===============================================================
– Hadoop Map Reduce
2022-02-28 18:04:32,788 INFO
client.DefaultNoHARMFailoverProxyProvider: Connecting to
ResourceManager at /0.0.0.0:8032
2022-02-28 18:04:32,989 INFO
client.DefaultNoHARMFailoverProxyProvider: Connecting to
ResourceManager at /0.0.0.0:8032
2022-02-28 18:04:33,160 WARN mapreduce.JobResourceUploader: Hadoop
command-line option parsing not performed. Implement the Tool interface and execute your application with ToolRunner to remedy this.
2022-02-28 18:04:33,175 INFO mapreduce.JobResourceUploader:
Disabling Erasure Coding for path: /tmp/hadoop-yarn/staging/hadoop/.staging/job_1645770694021_0006
2022-02-28 18:04:33,398 INFO mapred.FileInputFormat: Total input files to process : 0
2022-02-28 18:04:33,456 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: number of splits:0
2022-02-28 18:04:33,917 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: Submitting tokens for job: job_1645770694021_0006
2022-02-28 18:04:33,917 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: Executing with tokens: []
2022-02-28 18:04:34,108 INFO conf.Configuration: resource-types.xml not found
2022-02-28 18:04:34,109 INFO resource.ResourceUtils: Unable to find ‘resource-types.xml’.
2022-02-28 18:04:34,172 INFO impl.YarnClientImpl: Submitted application application_1645770694021_0006
2022-02-28 18:04:34,211 INFO mapreduce.Job: The url to track the job: https://RMMYCLDDL73611.nonprod.hclpnp.com:8088/proxy/application_1645770694021_0006/
2022-02-28 18:04:34,212 INFO mapreduce.Job: Running job: job_1645770694021_0006
2022-02-28 18:04:36,227 INFO mapreduce.Job: Job job_1645770694021_0006 running in uber mode : false
2022-02-28 18:04:36,228 INFO mapreduce.Job: map 0% reduce 0%

As you can see from above joblog this shows the JobID of the Hadoop Mapreduce job within Hadoop UI. The URL on Hadoop Side can also be used to track the job as seen.

:

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